Studies on the application of single-stranded DNA and PNA probes for electrochemical detection of miRNA 141

The abnormal concentration of microRNAs (miRNAs) can be associated with occurrence of various diseases including cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative, hence they can be considered as potential biomarkers. An attractive approach could be the application of electrochemical methods, particularly where hybridization event between single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) or peptide-nucleic acid (PNA) with miRNA strand happens. Recently, the use of various nanomaterials such as gold nanoparticles, graphene oxide, quantum dots as well as catalyzed hairpin assembly or hybridization chain reaction were proposed to further enhance the performance of elaborated sensors.

Herein, we present the studies on selection of receptor layer composition for detection of miRNA 141. The possibility of formation of receptor layer and further duplex monolayer between ssDNA or PNA with miRNA was analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique. The interaction of ssDNA and PNA probes with miRNA was further verified using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and quartz – crystal microbalance (QCM) techniques. On the basis of impedance spectroscopy it was shown that the use of unlabelled ssDNA as receptor layer provided 0.1 pM detection limit. This shows that proposed biosensor that is simple in preparation and use is an attractive alternative to other recently presented approaches.

Publication year: 2023
Authors: Jarczewska M. a, Bojarski W. a, Majewska A. a, Drozd M. a,b, Ziółkowski R. a, Malinowska E. a,b
a – Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, The Chair of Medical Biotechnology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland
b – CEZAMAT PW, Poleczki 19, 02-822 Warsaw, Poland
Published in: Bioelectrochemistry, 2023, Vol. 150, p. 108363
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2022.108363


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