Monitoring silica core@shell nanoparticle-bacterial film interactions using the multi-parametric surface plasmon resonance technique

In a healthcare setting, biofilms are a major source of infection and difficult to eradicate once formed. Nanoparticles (NPs) can be designed to effectively penetrate biofilms to more efficiently either deliver antibiotic drugs throughout the biofilm matrix or elicit inherent antibiofilm activity. Antibacterial cerium oxide (CeO2) NPs were employed as core material and coated with a mesoporous silica shell (MSN) to generate cerium oxide coated mesoporous silica NPs (CeO2@MSN). Detailed studies of NP-biofilm interactions are required to rationally develop NP platforms to prevent biofilm-related infections. This work developed and implemented a unique label-free analysis platform for the real-time monitoring of bacterial biofilm formation and then assessed the interactions of antibacterial NPs. An analysis platform which allows bacterial biofilms to grow and develop in situ in flow within the multi-parametric surface plasmon resonance (MP-SPR) instrument was established. This enabled simultaneous monitoring and detection of biofilm growth phases, structure, and interactions between differentially charged CeO2@MSNs and bacterial biofilms. Positively charged antibacterial NPs (polyethyleneimine functionalized CeO2@MSNs) were found to be the most efficient to penetrate the biofilm. The MP-SPR analysis platform was shown to be a powerful tool for monitoring biofilm development in real-time and to analyze biofilm properties and NP-biofilm interactions.

Publication year: 2023
Authors: Mustafa R.A. 1, Parkkila P. 2, Rosenholm J.M. 1, Zhang H. 1,3,4, Viitala T. 1,3

1 – Pharmaceutical Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
2 – Division of Nano and Biophysics, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
3 – Drug Research Program, Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
4 – Turku Bioscience Centre, University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland

Published in: Smart Medicine, 2023, e20230012
DOI: 10.1002/SMMD.20230012


200 OTSO bacterial biofilm biofilm-nanoparticle interaction nanoparticle


Other publications